A server is a computer on a network whose job is to manage network resources. Servers can be of various types and can be classified according to the type of jobs they do. File servers are storage devices which are used to store files. Users on the network are allowed to store files on the server. Print servers are the ones that manage one or multiple printers. Network server is a device that manages traffic on the network. Database server is a computer that processes database queries.
Servers generally handle no other tasks apart from ones they are assigned, hence the term dedicated server. However in the case of multiprocessing operating systems a single device can carry out several tasks at once.
In order to turn a computer or a device into a server you need to install the software into it. Like any other program that has basic hardware requirements to allow installation servers too have some specific requirements. Here we look at some server specific hardware requirements to make server installation and setup process easy for you. Since there various different servers in the market, the hardware requirements may differ in each case.
Firstly what needs to be kept in mind is that the computer on which you are installing or upgrading a server must meet the minimum hardware requirements. The requirements are valid for all computers in a distributed installation and single-node installations as well. In case the setup program finds out or determines that your computer does not meet the server hardware requirements it will not continue with the installation process.
So to avoid this you need to evaluate server hardware requirements well before starting installation. Since it is not easy to predict the server load, live testing is considered the best method of determining what kind of hardware the server will require for installation and subsequent processing of the same.
In case you fall short on the requirements you can provide additional physical hardware support for your computer, to meet at least the minimum amount required by your OS and any other application that runs on the server.
When planning server hardware requirements to deploy your new server, you will need to ascertain the server scalability which is generally based on peak visitors, total content, and the editor to viewer ratio. The editor to viewer ratio refers to the number of visitors who are contributing to updates against those who are only viewing content. Total content is generally measured by counting total spaces in the page
It is best to scale the server on the basis of a regular flow of visitors rather than on certain peak visitor times. Users should also take into note that “total pages” is not an important factor to ascertain performance, and that they should always use an external database to find out the performance tuning guides.
Whichever kind of server you plan to install, be it file, print, network, or database server, do make sure to check out the hardware requirements beforehand to avoid the trouble of using external hardware support for your computer system. A specific search on the server manufacturer’s page can give you all the information and specifics you require to know about your server’s hardware requirement.